# Tax Benefit Shifting and the Lottery

While nonplayers may be appreciative of municipal tax burden shifting, they generally perceive lotteries as losing, and thus do not support them. On the other hand, legislators recognize lotteries as sources of tax revenue, and appreciate their fungibility, which allows them to shift funds around to make earmarking more effective. Therefore, lottery advocates are largely in favor of lotteries. Here are three reasons why. (Part I)

## Lottery is a game of chance

People say Lottery is a game of chance. Winning a prize depends on luck, not skill, but there is some element of skill. If you were blindfolded and threw a coin, the chances of getting heads are higher than for losing, but not 100%. This is why it is hard to make predictions. You can use mathematical methods to calculate the odds of winning. Then, divide the result by the number of times you have thrown the coin.

## Lotto is a game where players select a group of numbers from a large set and are awarded prizes based on how many match a second set chosen by a random drawing

Lotto has been played for centuries. The first known lottery games were held during the Roman Empire, and were used primarily as a form of amusement for dinner parties. Each guest received a ticket, and prizes were usually fancy dinnerware. The ticket-holders had a high probability of winning, and the games were widely distributed by wealthy noblemen during Saturnalian revels. The game is so old that even the Chinese Book of Songs mentions it.

## Lotteries are inefficient from a tax standpoint

While a lot of people appreciate the tax burden shifting offered by the lottery, many see the activity as losing. Legislative leaders understand that lotteries are tax revenue sources and use them to avoid the perception of inefficiency in earmarking. They also appreciate the fungibility of these funds, which allows government representatives to shift funds in a variety of ways, including increasing their own spending.

## Lottery opponents base objections on religious or moral reasons

Opponents of lotteries have long questioned whether it promotes the good life. However, they fail to acknowledge the importance of religious and moral beliefs in a society that is otherwise secular. Religious and moral reasons are legitimate bases for objections to state-sponsored lotteries, as are many others. Religious and moral objections to lottery play are often rooted in anti-semitism and opposition to abortion laws.

## Legal minimum age to play the lottery

While there are few restrictions for lottery play, in many states there is a legal minimum age. The legal age to play the lottery in most states is eighteen years old. This requirement is based on concerns about problem gambling and addiction, as well as cases of minors getting access to gambling products during the sexpanuation pandemic. However, if you’re under the legal age to play the lottery, you’ll need to transfer the winnings to a family member or a friend who is of legal age.

## Infrequent players are more likely to be “frequent players”

Among other things, frequent gamers have larger ventral striatum sizes than infrequent players. This region of the brain is the hub of the reward system, and its size predicts game addiction. The researchers then analyzed data from more than two million games and found that frequent gamers were more likely to be addicted to gaming than infrequent players. But why are frequent players more likely to become addicted?

## High-income residential neighborhoods have relatively few stores and gas stations

The number of gas stations and convenience stores in a high-income neighborhood is not necessarily related to the density of the neighborhood. Interestingly, gas stations and convenience stores are not compatible with residential neighborhoods. Most zoning ordinances restrict their development to commercial zones. However, some localities require special exception, conditional use, and special use permits. The approval process may involve a public hearing. For example, Carmel, IN recently increased the separation distance between gas stations and homes from 80 to 500 feet.